It has been estimated that 65 per cent of salt marshes in the upper Bay of Fundy have been lost, mostly by dyking and draining for conversion to agriculture since European settlement.
The boreal forest is Canada's largest biome, occupying 35 per cent of the total Canadian land area and 77 per cent of Canada's total forest land, roughly 310 million hectares.
Welcome to the Canadian Business
and Biodiversity Council
"Biological diversity" means the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems.
Healthy biological diversity (biodiversity) is essential to the well-being of the planet, but biodiversity has been in serious national and global decline for decades. Biodiversity is the reason we worry about climate change, invasive species pollution, land use changes, over-harvesting and related ecologically unsustainable practices. Human impacts are creating complex and cumulative problems that many of the current management practices were not designed to handle.
Canadian and global objectives for biodiversity include both its conservation and sustainable use. Canadian businesses may be seen as part of the problem, or as contributing to the solution. Today's consumers are becoming more aware of the products they purchase and consume and many are now favoring products and businesses that are seen to be operating in a sustainable and environmentally friendly manner.
The Canadian Business and Biodiversity Council aims to help Canada achieve its biodiversity conservation objectives by assisting all Canadian business sectors who are prepared to show leadership in biodiversity conservation through managing their facilities and activities in an environmentally responsible and sustainable manner. This will be accomplished through partnerships involving business, government, non-government and academia.